Pliny the Elder, Natural History 8.8-9

Ipsius animalis tanta narratur clementia contra minus validos, ut in grege pecudum occurrentia manu dimoveat, ne quod obterat inprudens. Nec nisi lacessiti nocent idque cum gregatim semper ambulent, minime ex omnibus solivagi. Equitatu circumventi infirmos aut fessos vulneratosve in medium agmen recipient, acie, velut imperio aut ratione per vices subeunte. Capti celerrime mitificantur hordei suco….

Classical Beer Review: The Stoic 2015

Last Friday, Kyle and I popped a bottle of Deschutes’ The Stoic 2015. The Stoic is a Belgian-styled Quad that consists of “four nuanced fermentations. Aged, sequestered in select wine casks. Ergo a stoically brewed quad, with the spellbinding complexity of its medieval ancestors.” Further aging occurred on rye whiskey barrels, and a variety of sugars…

#HBW Update: Tasting PBX #1 Lentil Beer

In this previous post, Kyle describes his first-ever #HBW beer experiment for recreating the Armenian lentil beer described by Xenophon. As you may recall, BCS did a whole series on this beer (find all posts here under no. 2). Today, the experiment continues with my tasting notes of the OG Pseudo-Xenophon Beer (PBX #1) he brewed…

PARABIAS, Defined

παραβίας, -ου, ό (or παραβίη, ή) – a millet-and-fleabane (or – rice?) beverage This is the only known use of this word in the ancient Greek language (see Hecataeus). It is quite possible that parabiē was the native Illyrian word of the Paeonians (Nelson 2001, 64).   Bibliography Nelson, M. 2001. “Beer in Greco-Roman Antiquity.” Ph.D. dissertation,…

HECATAEUS, in Athenaeaus Deipnosophists 10.67 (447d)

Έκαταῖος δ’ ἐν δευτέρῳ περιηγήσεως εἰπών περί Αἰγυπτίων ὡς ἀρτοφάγοι εἰσίν ἐπιφέρει τάς κριθάς ἐς τό πῶμα καταλέουσιν. ἐν δέ τῇ τῆς Εὐρώπης περιόδῳ Παίονάς φησι πίνειν βρῦτον ἀπό τῶν κριθῶν καί παραβίην ἀπό κέγχρου καί κόνυζαν. Hecataeus in the second description said about the Egyptians that they are bread eaters and says that they grind…

Classical Beer Review: Triptych Little Secret

This is a post by regular contributor Kimberley, who runs the social media at BCS. Kimberley is currently writing up her PhD in Mediterranean Archaeology and is based in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Every once and a while, she will blog at BCS about all things beer and Classical in the Low Countries or – as…

ATHENAEUS, DEIPNOSOPHISTS 1.61 part 2

διό καί Δίων ὁ ἐξ Ἀκαδημίας φιλοίνους καί φιλοπότας τούς Αἰγυπτίους γενέσθαι: εὑρεθῆναί τε βοήθημα παῤ αὐτοῖς ὥστε τούς διά πενίαν ἀποροῦντας οἴνου τόν ἐκ τῶν κριθῶν γενόμενον πίνειν: καί οὕτως ἥδεσθαι τούς τοῦτον προσφερομένους ὡς καί ᾁδειν καί πάντα ποιεῖν ὅσα τούς ἐξοίνους γινομένους. And Dio the Academic said that the Egyptians are lovers…

MILIUM, Defined

Milium, -i (n) – millet This is one of two Latin words used to refer to the grain, millet. For more on millet, please see one of the Greek equivalents.

PLINY THE ELDER, 14.19.101

Proximum fit e milii semine maturi cum ipsa stipula, libra quadrante in congios duos musti, macerato et post septimum mensem transfuse. The next [variety of wine] is made from the grains of the ripened millet with the stalks [too], a pound and a quarter [is steeped] in two congii of must. When [the stalk] has…

Classical Beer Review: Genius Loci Bramble Frumenti

This is a post by regular contributor Kimberley, who runs the social media at BCS. Kimberley is currently writing up her PhD in Mediterranean Archaeology and is based in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Every once and a while, she will blog at BCS about all things beer and Classical in the Low Countries or – as…

HBW: Millet Brew, Part 1

We recently reported a Strabo passage describing an Ethiopian beverage made from millet and barley. This concoction is sufficiently beer-like for another BCS beer recreation. For today’s entry, I provide an overview of the experiment and the initial production: malting, kilning, and brewing. Millet  is very unlike barley in its outward form; it has the…

κέγχρος, Defined

κέγχρος, ό – millet (panicum miliaceum), anything of small grains like fish roe The earliest reference to drinks made with barley is found in Hecataeus (ca. 550-476 BCE). He describes a drink (παραβίην) among the Paeonians (a region to the north of Greece). Nelson notes in his review of ancient Greek and Roman beer that millet is largely…