Greek and Latin Terms
Brace (Latin/Celtic) – a type of grain used by the Celts for brewing beer; later: malted grain
Brutos (Greek) – Beer, originally Phrygian and Thracian
Bromos (Greek) – oats (Avena sativa)
Caelia (Latin) – a Numantian or Iberian beer
Camum (Latin) – A certain type of beer, originally Celtic?
Cerevisia (Latin) – Beer, originally Celtic. Also, cervisia, cervesia, cerevisa, cervesa
Cupa (Latin) – barrel, vat tun, task
Fermentum (Latin) – that which produces leavening, fermentation
Furta (Latin) – barley beer, only used once in Latin (6th c. CE)
Frumentum (Latin) – grain, crops
Frux (Latin) – produce, grain
Hordeum (Latin) – grain. Also ordeum
Kengchros (Greek) – millet (panicum miliaceum)
Krithe (Greek) – barley
Korma (Greek/Latin) – Beer, Celtic. Also, κουρμι, korma, curmen, curmi
Milium (Latin) – millet
Oinos Krithinos (Greek) – barley wine
Parabias (Greek/Illyrian) – millet beer from Paeonia
Sabaia (Latin/Illyrian) – a beer made from barley and other grains
Triticum (Roman) – wheat
Zythos (Greek) – barley beer; beer of the Egyptians. Latinized: zythum.
Erica (Greek/Latin) – heather, erica spp.
Oenanthe (Greek/Latin) – possibly meadowsweet
Beer Stone – Calcum Oxalate; a residue produced as a byproduct of beer production
Residue Analysis – the analysis of archaeological materials for evidence of organic residues
Hubbard Amphora – Early Iron Age Cypriot amphora depicting an enthroned man drinking liquid from a straw; beer?
Pelusium – Egyptian port-town famous for its beer production.