Justinianus, Digesta Iustiniana 33.6.9


Si quis vinum legaverit, omne continetur, quod ex vinea natum vinum permansit. Sed si mulsum sit factum, vini appellatione non continebitur proprie, nisi forte pater familias etiam de hoc sensit. Certe zythum, quod in quibusdam provinciis ex tritico vel ex hordeo vel ex pane conficitur, non continebitur: simili modo nec camum nec cervesia continebitur nec hydromeli. Quid conditum? Nec hoc puto, nisi alia mens testantis fuit.

 If someone will bequeath wine, all will be included, because wine, having been born from vines, endures. But, if honey-wine is made, it will not be included under the proper appellation of “wine,” unless the head of the household discerns it to be such. Certainly beer, which in certain provinces is made either from wheat, barley or bread, is not included: in the same way neither (one type of) beer, (another type of) beer, nor mead are included. What about spiced wine? I don’t think so, unless there was someone else to vouch for it.

This describes the proper procedures and laws for listing wheat, wine, and oil in wills.

Apparently beer cannot be given in a will. I suspect that the IPA craze of the 6th century is the cause – even then, they feared the loss of hop aroma.*

Authors Note
Justinian I (ca. 482-565 CE)
Emperor of the Byzantine Empire, lover of laws, and owner of gauche jewelry. He strengthened the power of the eastern empire and conquered the greatest collection of awesomely-named barbarian tribes: Vandals, Goths, Tzani.

Ulpian (ca. 170-223 CE)
Roman jurist.


*I know: they didn’t use hops back then in beer.


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